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The god Týr or Tiw, identified with Mars, after whom Tuesday is named.

Tuesday (pronounced /ˈtjuːzdeɪ, ˈtjuːzdi/ ( listen)) is a day of the week occurring after Monday and before Wednesday. According to international standard ISO 8601, it is the second day of the week, in some traditions also the third.

The English name is derived from Old English Tiwesdæg and Middle English Tewesday. This was a loan translation of Latin dies Martis, originally associating the day with the planet Mars, but the Germanic name translates Mars, the god of war, as Teiwaz (Old English Tiw).



[edit] Etymology

The Latin name dies Martis (“day of Mars” is a translation of the Greek ἡμέρα Ἄρεως. The weekday heptagram, i.e. the association of the days of the seven-day week with the seven classical planets, probably dates to the Hellenistic period.[1] Between the 1st and 3rd centuries, the Roman Empire gradually replaced the eight day Roman nundinal cycle with the seven-day week. The astrological order of the days was explained by Vettius Valens and Dio Cassius. According to these authors, it was a principle of astrology that the heavenly bodies presided, in succession, over the hours of the day.

The name Tuesday derives from the Old English “Tiwesdæg” and literally means “Tiw’s Day”.[2] Tiw is the Old English form of the Proto-Germanic god *Tîwaz, or Týr in Norse, a god of war and law.[3][4]

In most languages with Latin origins (French, Spanish, Italian), the day is named after Mars, the Roman god of war.

In the Indic languages of Pali and Sanskrit, as well as in Thailand, the name of the day is taken from Angaraka (‘one who is red in colour’)[5] a style (manner of address) for Mangal, the god of war, and for Mars, the red planet.

[edit] Religious observances

In the Eastern Orthodox Church, Tuesdays are dedicated to Saint John the Baptist. The Octoechos contains hymns on this theme, arranged in an eight-week cycle, that are chanted on Tuesdays throughout the year. At the end of Divine Services on Tuesday, the dismissal begins with the words: “May Christ our True God, through the intercessions of his most-pure Mother, of the honorable and glorious Prophet, Forerunner and Baptist John…”

[edit] Cultural references

In the Greek world, Tuesday (the day of the week of the Fall of Constantinople) is considered an unlucky day. The same is true in the Spanish-speaking world, where a proverb runs: En martes, ni te cases ni te embarques, meaning, “On Tuesday, neither get married nor begin a journey.” For both Greeks and Spanish-speakers, the 13th of the month is considered unlucky if it falls on Tuesday, instead of Friday. In Judaism, on the other hand, Tuesday is considered a particularly lucky day, because in the first chapter of Genesis the paragraph about this day contains the phrase “it was good” twice.

In the Thai solar calendar, the day is named for the Pali word for the planet Mars, which also means “Ashes of the Dead”;[6] the color associated with Tuesday is pink.

In the folk rhyme Monday’s Child, “Tuesday’s child is full of grace”.

[edit] Common occurrences

[edit] United States and Canada

Tuesday is the usual day for elections in the United States. Federal elections take place on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November; this date was established by a law of 1845 for presidential elections (specifically for the selection of the Electoral College), and was extended to elections for the House of Representatives in 1875 and for the Senate in 1914. Tuesday was the earliest day of the week which was practical for polling in the early nineteenth century: citizens might have to travel for a whole day to cast their vote, and would not wish to leave on Sunday which was a day of worship for the great majority of them.

In the United States and Canada, most home video and audio releases for purchase or rental occur on Tuesdays. Since this policy began, there have been very few exceptions to this common release day.[citation needed]

[edit] Named days

[edit] Sources

  • Grimm, Jacob. 1875–78. Deutsche Mythologie. Fourth ed., curated by Elard Hugo Meyer, 3 vols. Berlin: F. Dümmler. Reprinted Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1965.

[edit] References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Tuesday
  1. ^ “It was with the adoption and widespread use of the seven-day week throughout the Hellenistic world of mixed cultures that this heptagram was created.” Symbol 29:16
  2. ^ “Tuesday”. Online Etymology Dictionary. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=Tuesday. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  3. ^ “TIWAZ – The Warrior’s Rune”. Oswald the Runemaker. http://www.runemaker.com/futhark/tiwaz.shtml. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  4. ^ “?”. http://englishheathenism.homestead.com/tiw.html. [dead link]
  5. ^ Turner, Sir Ralph Lilley (1962). “aṅgāraka 126”. A comparative dictionary of the Indo-Aryan languages. London: Oxford University Press. Digital Dictionaries of South Asia, University of Chicago. p. 7. http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/contextualize.pl?p.0.soas.82184. Retrieved 21 February 2010. “126 aṅgāraka 1. Pali ‘red like charcoal’; Sanskrit aṅārī. 2. Pali aṅgāraka masculine ‘Mars’; Sanskrit aṅāro masculine ‘Tuesday’.” 
  6. ^ “อังคาร angM khaanM”. Thai-language.com. http://www.thai-language.com/id/131679. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
[hide] Days of the week

Monday · Tuesday · Wednesday · Thursday · Friday · Saturday · Sunday

Look up tuesday in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.


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